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Flags of the World

Page created: 3rd August 1997
Last updated: 12th January 2017
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]

The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
[NSK - Digital Archives] This site is harvested for the NSK digital archives.

SHS / Yugoslavia, 1918 - 1941

Kraljevstvo Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca 1919, Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca 1921-1929, Kraljevina Jugoslavija 1929-1941




See also:

National Flag

[National Flag] [Alternation] 2:3 [Civil and State Flag and Ensign] [National coat of arms]
Adopted: < 31.07.1919
Descriptions of arms: Grb je Kraljevine Dvoglavi Beli Orao u poletu na crvenom štitu. Vrh obe glave Dvoglavoga Belog Orla stoji Kruna Kraljevine. Na prsima orla je štit, na kome su grbovi, srpski: beo krst na crvenom štitu sa po jednim ognjilom u svakom kraku; hrvatski: štit sa 25 polja crvenih i srebrnastih naizmenice; slovenački: na plavome štitu tri zlatne šestokrake zvezde. Ispod toga beli polumesec. (Čl. 2, Ustav, 1921.)
Grb kraljevine je dvoglav bel orel v poletu, na srebrnem [sic!] ščitu. Vrhu obeh glav dvoglavega belega orla stoji krona kraljevine. Na prsih ima orel ščit, na katerem so grbi, srbski: bel križ na rdečem ščitu s po enim ognjilom v vsakem kraku; hrvatski: ščit s 25 izmenoma rdečimi in srebrnimi polji; slovenski: na modrem ščitu 3 zlate šesterokrake zvezde, pod njimi bel polumesec. (Čl. 2, Ustava, 1921.)
Grb je Kraljevine dvoglavi Beli Orao u poletu, na crvenom štitu. Vrh obe glave Dvoglavoga Belog Orla stoji Kruna Kraljevine. Na prsima Orla je štit, na kome su: beo krst na crvenom štitu sa po jednim ognjilom u svakom kraku; pored njega štit sa 25 polja crvenih i srebrnastih naizmenice i ispod njih plavi štit sa tri zlatne šestokrake zvezde i beli polumesec. (Čl. 2, Ustav, 1931.)
Grb kraljevine je dvoglav bel orel v poletu, na rdečem ščitu. Vrhu obeh glav dvoglavega belega orla stoji krona kraljevine. Na prsih ima orel ščit, na katerem so: bel križ na rdečem ščitu s po enim ognjilom v vsakem kraku; poleg tega ščit s 25 izmenoma rdečimi in srebrnimi polji, pod tema moder ščit s tremi šesterokrakimi zvezdami in bel polumesec. (Čl. 2, Ustava, 1931.)

Descriptions of flag: Državna je zastava plava, bela, crvena, u vodoravnom položaju prema uspravnom koplju. (Čl. 2, Ustav, 1921.)
Državna zastava je modro-belo-rdeča v vodoravni leži proti navpičnemu drogu. (Čl. 2, Ustava, 1921.)
Državna zastava je plavo- belo-crvena trobojka u vodoravnom položaju prema uspravnom koplju. (Čl. 2, Ustav, 1931.)
Državna zastava je modro-belo-rdeča v vodoravni legi proti navpičnemu drogu. (Čl. 2, Ustava, 1931.)

Sources: (Rešenje Ministarskog Saveta o državnoj zastavi, < 31.07.1919.)
Raspis – Isticanje zastava povodom državnih praznika i narodnih svečanosti (Svima velikim županima i gradskim načelnicima sa županskim pravom. Br. 8059/1919), 31.07.1919, Službene novine Kraljevstva Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, br. 80/1919, 12.08.1919. str. 4.
Ustav Kraljevne Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, 28.06.1921, Službene novine Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, br. 142A, 28.06.1921.
Ustava kraljevine Srbov, Hrvatov in Slovencev, 28.06.1921, Uradni list deželne vlade za Slovenijo, št. 87/1921, 27.07.1921, str. 423.
Ustav Kraljevine Jugoslavije, 03.09.1931, Službene novine kraljevine Jugoslavije, br. 200, 03.09.1931.
Ustava kraljevine Jugoslavije, 03.09.1931, Službeni list kraljevske banske uprave Dravske banovine, št. 53/1931, 10.09.1931, str. 1110.

The national flag of the newly formed state is derived from the colours of all three South-Slavic nations that were recognized at the time and had flags, the order of the stripes was chosen to be different from any other and yet to conform with heraldic principles having the "metal" in-between two "colours". The coat of arms is based on the Serbian royal coat of arms, to which the symbols of Croats (chequy shield) and Slovenians (crescent and three stars of Celje) were added. The coat of arms was initially used as the shield only with the Slovenian field consisting of a crescent and a single five-pointed star, but set to three stars with the 1921 Constitution.
The tricolour was determined in 1919 and confirmed by the 1921 Constitution.
The new 1931 Consitution of Yugoslavia determined the coat of arms and the flag of the state, in virtually the same words as it was in the 1921 Constitution of the Kingdom of SHS.



State Flag

[State Flag] [Alternation] 2:3 [State Flag and Ensign] [State coat of arms]
Source: Info Ivan Sarajčić, 1999.

Some sources provide for a state flag withe the greater state arms in the centre. The greater coat of arms adds to the lesser arms the heraldic mantle with the crown. There seems to be no legal ground for these versions.



Royal Flag

Kraljevski štandart

[Royal Flag] [Normal] 1:1 [Royal coat of arms]
Adopted: 1919 ?
Descriptions of flag: Za vijanje (upotreba) štandarta vrediće odredbe Njegovog Veličanstva Kralja. (Čl. 12, Zakon, 1922.)
Za razvijanje (uporabljanje) standart veljajo odredbe Njegovega Veličanstva kralja. (Čl. 12, Zakon, 1922.)
Za vijanje standarta važiće naredbe Njegovog Veličanstva Kralja. Standarte viju se na glavnoj katarci. (Čl. 30, Uputstva, 1925.)
Za razvijanje standart veljajo naredbe Njegovega Veličanstva kralja. Standarte so razvite na glavnem jadreniku. (Čl. 30, Navodila, 1925.)
Kraljevski standard vije (ističe) se na velikoj katarci (jarbolu). Za vijanje standarda važiće naredbe Njegovog Veličanstva Kralja. (Čl. 15, Pravilnik, 1934.)
Kraljevska standarta se razvije na velikem jadrniku (jamboru). Glede razvijanja standerte veljaju naredbe Njegovega Veličanstva kralja. (Čl. 15, Pravilnik, 1934.)

Sources: Zakon o zastavama na ratnim, trgovačkim i privatnim brodovima, 28.02.1922, Službene novine Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, br. 89-XIII/1922, 28.04.1922.
Zakon o zastavah na vojnih, trgovskih in privatnih ladjah, 28.02.1922, Uradni list pokrajinske uprave za Slovenijo, št. 51/1922, 19.05.1922, str. 334.
(Privremeni Pravilnik o ratno-pomorskom ceremonijalu glede davanja počasti Suverenima i Članovima Porodica Suverena, 30.03.1922, Ministarstvo vojno i mornarice)
Uputstva za organe financijske kontrole o službi na moru, Službene novine Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, 17.02.1925., br. 35-VII/1925.
Navodila za organe finančne kontrole o službi na morju, 24.12.1924, Uradni list ljubljanske in mariborske oblasti, št. 27/1925, 14.03.1925. str. 141.
Pravilnik o vijanju (isticanju) zastava na državnim, trgovačkim i privatnim brodovima Kraljevine Jugoslavije, 30.04.1934, Službene novine Kraljevine Jugoslavije, 15.05.1934, br. 111-XXVIII/1934.)
Pravilnik o razvijanju zastav na državnih, trgovskih in privatnih ladjah kraljevine Jugoslavije, 30.04.1934, Službeni list kraljevske banske uprave Dravske banovine, št. 21/1936, 11.03.1936.
D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Neubecker: Flaggenbuch, Berlin, 1939 (1992 reprint)
Vladimir Bošković et al.: "Zastave na ratnim brodovima Kraljevine SHS/Jugoslavije", Paluba forum, www.paluba.info, 25.05.2014-10.03.2016. (last visited 10.01.2017.)

The standard of the King is the square tricolour with the royal coat of arms in the centre and bordered with the tricolour triangles. The royal coat of arms heraldically differs from the state arms only in the lower field in teh shield, that here display of the coat of arms of Krain: argent an eagle displayed azure bearing on the breasts a crescent countercompny gules and argent. The double-headed white eagle is crowned with a crown of Byzantine style. The 1922 and other legislation only mentions the flag, but leaves up to the king to prescribe it usage (and presumably design, too).
The exact design of the flag is not prescribed in known legislation. The preserved actual flags used on ships (from 1929) as well as photographs of these in use (in 1934) show the flag of the above design, including in the base of the eagle two fleurs-de-lis argent, similar as in the previous coat of arms of Serbia.


Royal Flag, Variants

[Royal Flag, Variants] [Normal] 1:1 [Royal Flag, Variants]
Sources: D. Acović: Zakon o zastavama jugoslavenskih brodova iz 1937. g., Glasnik SHD, Godina V, broj 8, August 2001. pp. 5-6.
Neubecker: Flaggenbuch, Berlin, 1939 (1992 reprint)
Vladimir Bošković et al.: "Zastave na ratnim brodovima Kraljevine SHS/Jugoslavije", Paluba forum, www.paluba.info, 25.05.2014-10.03.2016. (last visited 10.01.2017.)

The design of the royal standard is depicted differently in various contemporary publications as well as in subsequent literature. The German Flaggenbuch shows it with dynastic coat of arms, even more richly depicted, but without the fleurs-de-lis. Other sources place the greater state arms in the centre - but that may simply be oversimplification by the subequent authors. On the 1937 regulations see further on.



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