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Flags of the World
Page created: 3rd April 2016|
Last updated: 6th June 2016
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The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
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Ecclesiastical arms in Croatia follow the specifical church heraldic tradition, that differs in details from secolar - nobility and minicipal heraldry. The contemporary ecclesiastical heraldry includes the coats of arms of priests as well as of various church institutions, and at leats in the 20th cnetury shows lesser or greater shift from the traditional heraldic principles when composing contents of a shield. The rank insignia for priests include a galero - priestly hat with wide circular rim with cords with tassels hanging from it. The colour of galero and the number of tassels depends on the rank. Also, bishops display a cross behind the shield, and archbishops a double cross, and they may include other symbols, like mitre and crozier. Matropolitan bishops may also display a pallium hanging behing the shield, although it is today aften omitted.
Today, as a rule, priests elect they arms only when named bishops. When raised to higher offices, they may retain the same arms with appropriately modified rank symbols, but they may also introduce modifications in the contents of the shield, It is usual that once assumed bishop's motto is retained for life.
The ecclesiastical teritorial units in Croatia have coats of arms in Croatia today only occasionally, and if so, they are often composed only of a shield with chanrges within it. They are often based or even equal to the coat of arms of the first official who held the pastoral office in the unit. Sometimes, in stead of arms, (circular) seals are used.
Unlike the municipal and state arms, which are today mostly standardized in design, the ecclesiastical arms of one and the same persion or institution may differ in much details of artistic representation, in accordance with the heraldic tradition, depending on artist and medium. Here they are shown in an artistic interpretation of the author of these web site.
No flags for these individuals nor institution, as a rule, were recorded in use so far.
An apostolic administration was established in Rijeka (Fiume) in 1920 from part previously in jurisdiction of the Diocese of Senj and Modruš. In 1925 the Diocese of Rijeka-Opatija (Fiume - St. Jacob of Opatija, Dioecesis Fluminensis-Sancti Iacobi de Abbatia) was established. Aftewr the Wolrd War II the Italian priests left the area, and the diocese is divided into the Croatian and Slovenian parts. The Croatian part was united with the Diocese of Senj and Modruš in 1969 into the Archdiocese of Rijeka and Senj. From parts of its territory the Diocese of Gospić and Senj was established in 2000, and the rest of it was renamed to the Archdiocese of Rijeka.
Azure a letter Α [Alpha] or encircled with a letter Ω [Omega] argent and in the chief dexter a mullet or and sinister a quatrefoil also or and in the base letters MM or. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a double cross pommy or, topped with a galero with cords and ten tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon azure doubled or a motto or: „Krist naša nada“ (Christ Our Hope [Christ seps nostra/Christi spei nostra] 1Tim 1:1).
Appointed 2000. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1980.
As the Bishop of Krk he was named in 1996 for the Aposltolic Administrator of Rijeka and Senj during an ilness of Bishop Tamarut, until 1997, when he was named the Archbishop and Matropolitan Bishop of Zagreb and eventually Cardinal.
Appointed in 1990. In 2000 he was formally briefly the first Archbishop and Metropolitan Bishop of Rijeka. Since 1987 the Coadjutor Archbishop of Rijeka and Senj. Since 1986 Bishop of Šibenik. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University and in Rome prvi nadbiskup i metrolpolit riječki. Riječko-senjskim nadbiskup koadjutor od 1987. Prije toga biskup šibenski od 1986. Doktorirao na Papinskome sveučilištu Gregoriani i Pontifical Institute of Sacred Liturgy at the Atheneum of St. Anselm in Rome 1966.
Appointed 1974. Retired 1990. Since 1973 Apostolic Administrator of Rijeka and Senj. Since 1969 Coadjutor Archbishop of Rijeka and Senj, Titular Bishop of Pićan. Since 1951 Auxiliary Bishop of Senj and Moduš, Titular Bishop of Bruzus.
Appointed 1969. Retired 1974. Apostolic Administrator of Rijeka and Senj since 1952. Bishop of Senj and Modruš 1935 until 1969.
Apostolic Administrator of the Croatian part of the Diocese of Rijeka 1949 - 1951, as the Bishop of Krk. Afterwards Archbishop.
Appointed Apostolic Administrator of the whole Diocese of Rijeka in 1947.
Appointed 1938. In egzile since 1947. Since 1948 Archbishop of Pisa. Retired 1970 as Titular Archbishop of Hirina.
Quartered, first St. Vitus (or St. Euphemia), second Rijeka (an eagle standing on a rock pouring water around it from a vase), third Arena of Pola, and fourth spiked wheel and palm of St. Euphemia. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony or between a mitre and crozier in saltire, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent motto sable: „Quaerite primum regnum Dei“ (Seek the Kingdom of God above all else. Lk 12:31).
Appointed 1933. Since 1938 until 1975 Bishop of Trieste (and Capodistria), since 1963 Archbishop ad personam.
As the Bishop of Trieste he used a modified coat of arms with a single field depicting the Arena of Pola topped with three palm branches in saltire, with the same elements around the shield. After he was appointed Archishop, the number of tassels was increased to ten.
Apostolic Administrator 1932 - 1933. Priest from Trieste.
Appointed Apostolic Administrator of Rijeka in 1922. Bishop of Rijeka and Opatija 1925.
Appointed Apostolic Administrator 1920 until 1922, Titular Bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia (1921 – 1922). Afterwards Apostolic Delegate to China (1922 – 1933), Titular Archbishop of Theodosiopolis in Arcadia (1922 – 1953), Founder of Congregation of the Disciples of the Lord (1931), Apostolic Administrator of Harbin (1931 – 1933), Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1935 – 1953), Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1953 – 1958), Chancellor of Apostolic Chancery (1954 – 1958), Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso (1958).
Cardinal's coat of arms: azure on coupeaux argent two doves reguardant and in the chief a cross conjoined with the letter Ρ (Rho) between in its base letter Α [Alpha] and Ω [Omega]. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a double cross bottony or, topped with a galero with cords and fifteen tassels on each side gules. Beneath in a ribbon argent a motto sable : „In hoc signo“ (In this sign).
It is not recorded that he used this or another coat of arms while in Rijeka.
The Diocese of Krk (Veglia) was established in the first centuries of Christianity, as well as the neigbouring dioceses of Osor (Ossero) and Rab (Arbe), that were merged to it in 1828. Since 1830 until the end of WWI it is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Goriza. The parts of diocese that were yielded to Italy were merged first to the Rijeka and since 1932 zo the Zadar Diocese, while the rest was under direct government from Vatican. After the WWII the former territories were rejoined with it and eventually formally united in 1963. Since 1969 it is suffragan to the Rijeka and Senj Archdiocese, i.e. since 2000 to the Archdiocese of Rijeka.
Per fess, chief per pale, the first quartered gules a mill stone argent hanging on a cord, argent three wheat ears or, also argent a bunch of grapes purpure with two leaves vert, gules a fortress with a roofed tower argent issuant from vert, the second azure three conjoined round roofed towers argent and in chief sinister a mullet of eight or, the third argent two arms in saltire, the sinister one clad in Franciscan habit, and a cross sable issuant from from a cloud. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross pattee or with five stones gules, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent doubled brown a motto vert: „Prepusti Gospodinu putove svoje“ (Commit your way to the Lord - [volve super Dominum viam tuam], Ps 37:5).
Appointed 2015. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 2002.
Azure a heart or sustaining a cross pattee argent. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony or, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent a motto azure: „Orationi et ministerio“ (To pray and to serve).
Appointed 1998. Retired 2015.
Appointed in 1989, first as Bishop Coadjutor, and the as the Bishop of Krk. Since 1996 also Apostolic Administrator of Rijeka and Senj. In 1997 appinte dArchbishop and Metrolopitan Bishop of Zagreb and eventually a Cardinal.
It is not recorded if the present Cardinal's arms he used while a Bishop (with modified symbols of rank).
Appointed 1968. Retired 1989. Since 1961 Auxiliary Bishop of Krk and Titular Bishop of Lebessus, since 1966 Coadjutor Bishop of Krk. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1943.
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Per bend sinistre wavy vert, the first a chapel underneath a mountain, the second over wavy seas a mullet. The shield topped with a pastoral staff with a Latin cross between a mitre and crozier, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon gules motto or: „Fortis in fide“ ([Be] strong in faith).
Appointed 1923. Apostolic Administrator of Rijeka and Opatija 1949 – 1952. Archbishop ad personam 1963. Doctorate at the University in Vienna in 1902 and at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1903.
Escutcheon - a Latin cross bottony (tinctures unknown). Above the a mitre and crozier, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon a motto: In cruce salus! (Salvation is in the cross).
Appointed 1896. Doctorate at the University in Vienna in 1881. Beatification process started in 2013.
Argent a Glagolitic letter Ⰰ [Az] or stylized as a cross over a Glagolitic letter Ⱎ [Sha] (numeric value: 2000) or between two mullets of six or and in the base a double pile per fess or and in azure a pile between waves and waterfals argent.
A diocese with the seat in Senj exists at least since the 5th century and it was reestablished in the 12th century. Since 1248 it was grnated privilege of use of national language (Croatian language and Glagolitic script) in services. Next to it there was the Diocese of Krbava, that had moved the seat to Modruš in 1460. Since 1630 these were united in the Diocese of Senj and Modruš. From its parts the Diocese of Rijeka and Opatija was established in 1925. After the World War II it Croatian parts were united with the Diocese of Senj and Modruš into the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Rijeka and Senj in 1969. In 2000 the Diocese of Gospić and Senj was separated. The coat of arms in use is modified shied of the arms of the first Bishop Bogović.
Quartered, the first per pile embowed reversed, from which emerges a cross pattee rounded argent and brunâtre and overall thee mullets of six or, two and one (Carmelite cross), the second azure a mullet of six or over three barrulets wavy argent, the third azure a degenia (Degenia Velebitica) flower stalked and leaved or, and the fourth chequy gules and argent (4×5). Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross raguly or with five stones gules (cross of Matej Marut, bishop of Krbava, 13th century), topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon or a motto brunâtre : „Bog sam dostaje“ (God is enough [Solo Dios basta, St. Teresa of Avila]).
Argent a Glagolitic letter Ⰰ [Az] or stylized as a cross over a double pile per fess or and in azure a pile between waves and waterfals argent. The shield topped a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent motto azure: „U ime Oca i SIna i Duha Svetoga“ (In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit).
Appointed 2000. Retired 2016 and named Apostolic Administrator until installation of a new bishop. Titular Bishop of Tamata and Auxiliary Bishop of Rijeka and Senj 1999. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1971.
The oldest diocese in Istria is considered to be that in Poreč, since the 3rd century, while in 524 there are already a few of them in Poreč (Parenzo), Pula (Pola), Pićan (Pedena), Novigrad (Cittanova), Kopar (Capodistria), and Trst (Trieste), and probably also Cissa near Rovinj and Sipar near Umag. When Cissa declined, its territory was joined into the Diocese of Poreč in 780. Since the 18th century numerous complex changes were made in ecclesiastic jurisdiction following the complex political borders, here only the most important changes noted. In 1788 the Poreč Diocese borders were changed, losing the Pazin and gaining the Buzet decanate. In 1978 it is joined again with Buzet and Pazin decanate and gained the Pićan and Umag-Oprtalj decanates. The diocese of Pula was enlarged in 1029 gaining the Labin and Rijeka archidiaconates from Pićan. In 1788 it was modified due to the state borders. The Diocese of Pićan existed until 1788, when it was incorporated for the most part to the Diocese in Gradisca and afterward Trieste. The territorially small Diocese of Novigrad existed until 1828 when it was joined to Trieste. The dioceses of Poreč and Pula were united in 1828. The Apostolic Administrature of Pazin was created after the World War II and eventually in 1977 it was joined to the Diocese.
Argent, chape ployé azure, upon two barrulets wavy azure a ship with a sail ensigned with Christogram gules; the dexter chape with a mullet of seven or, the sinister chape the crown of Croatian kings or. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony with five stones gules, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon or a motto sable: „U Tebe se Gospodine uzdam“ (I trust in you, Lord, In Te Domine, speravi, Ps 31, 15).
Appointed 2012. Coadjutor Bishop of Poreč and Pula 2011. Doctorate at the Pontifical Urban University in Rome in 2001.
Azure a tower or between a mullet of six and a cross conjoined with the Greek letter Ρ [Rho] also or and in the base three barrulets wavy argent. The shield is topped with a Latin cross azure, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon azure doubled argent a motto or: „Ædificare in caritate“ (Building in love).
Appointed 1997. Retired 2012.
Appointed 1984. Retired 1998.
Appointed 1960. Retired 1984. In 1950 Titular Bishop of Pomaria and Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Trieste and Kopar and the Diocese of Poreč i Pula. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1935.
Appointed Apostolic Administrator of the Poreč and Pula Diocese and the Yugoslav part of the Goriza Archdiocese in 1947. Resigned 1949. Afterwards Apostolic Administrator of teh Slovenian part of the Diocese of Trieste and Kopar 1951 and the former FTT Zone B 1955. Retired 1961.
Per fess, the base per pale, the first gules on a mount vert a lion stantant or holding an opened book inscribed "Pax tibi Marce Evangelista Meus", the second argent two arms in saltire, the dexter clad in Franciscan habit, superimposed on a Latin cross gules, the third azure a hipopanther or. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony or with four stones gules between a mitre and crozier in saltire, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent motto sable: „In charitate Christi“.
Appointed 1941. Afterwards since 1946 Archbishop of Spoleto. Retired and Titular Bishop of Equillio 1967.
Appointed 1884. Doctorate at the Higher Scientific Institute for Diocesan Priests at St. Augustine's (Augustineum) in Vienna in 1873.
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