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Flags of the World

Page created: 29th September 1996
Last updated: 15th July 2016
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]

The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
[NSK - Digital Archives] This site is harvested for the NSK digital archives.

Croatia - Other Flags

Here is a selection of flags used in Croatia that could not be included in other sections, but are seen in Croatia (relatively) frequently. The selection of those flags is somewhat arbitrary and if you believe that some other flags should be here, please let me know. Some of the flags here are not specifically Croatian, i.e. they are internationally adopted, recognized or used.

See also:

Autocesta Rijeka-Zagreb d.d.

[Autocesta Rijeka-Zagreb d.d.]
[Vertical] 1:2

Adopted: about 1995 ?
Sources: author's observation
www.arz.hr 10.01.2005.

The flag of the company holding concession on the most frequent highway connecting the main Croatian port of Rijeka with the capital is yellow, vertically hoisted with the company logo in the middle and the name printed black beneath. The logo consists of stylized highway roads with a tunnel and a turnpike in green and blue lined white. (There is indeed large number of tunnels on that road.)
The flag is as a rule hoisted on each toll booth stations along the highway.

Civil Defence

[Civil Defence] [Normal] 1:2~
Adopted: ca. 1990

The flag is orange with blue equilateral triangle in the middle pointing upwards. This complies with the international agreements and Geneva conventions on the Civil Defence symbols.

Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR)

Hrvatska banka za obnovu i razvitak, HBOR

[Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR)]
[Vertical] 1:2

Adopted: about 1995
Source: HBOR www.hbor.hr 20.02.2005

The flag of HBOR is white with a grey pentagram field (similar to much enlarged red square) containing initials of the Bank and a red square rotated 45 degrees and in the base full name of the Bank. HBOR was established by law in 1992 as "Hrvatska kreditna banka za obnovu" (Croatian credit bank for reconstruction; new name since 1995.) fully owned of the state, to help with the reconstruction of the war destroyed regions and for the development of economy especially in those regions that are underdeveloped.

Croatian Mountaineering Association (HPS)

Hrvatski planinarski savez

[Croatian Mountaineering Association (HPS)] [Normal] [Vertical] 1:2
[Croatian Mountaineering Association (HPS)]
Adopted: 1991
Sources: Hrvatski planinarski savez, www.hps.hr, 26.08.2014.
Statut Hrvatskog planinarskog saveza, 26.05.2007.

The flag of the Croatian Mountaineering Association is light blue with the association emblem in the centre. The emblem shows stylized peak of the Klek mountain and an edelweiss flower within a red ribbon iscribed with the association's name tied in the base with a blue ribbon inscribed with initials HPD (Hrvatsko planinarsko društvo, the original name) and the establishment year 1874. The association was renamed in 1948 to Planinarski savez Hrvatske and in 1991 to the current name. The original emblem was similar, in different artistic style and without the mountain shape, showing only the eddelweiss within the ribbon.
The flags in use are either vertical or horizotal, with varying shades of light blue. The colouring of the ribbon with inscription HPD seems to more often be white.

Croatian Mountain Rescue Service (HGSS)

Hrvatska gorska služba spašavanja

[Croatian Mountain Rescue Service (HGSS)] [Normal] [Vertical] 1:2 | 2:3~
[Croatian Mountain Rescue Service (HGSS)]
Adopted: 1991
Sources: Hrvatska gorska služba spašavanja, www.gss.hr, 26.08.2014.
Hrvatski planinarski savez, www.hps.hr, 26.08.2014.

The flag of the Croatian Mountain Resuce Service, a state funded volunteer organization for rescue in mountains, cave and like, is vertical blue with the service emblem in the centre. The emblem is golden outlined white disk with a red cross trhoughout enbsigned with a golden outlined white eddelweis flower, all bordered with a golden edged blue ring inscribed with the service name. The flag is used also in the horizontal version.
The Service also uses a special flag for use in the field i.e. in their operations that has better visibility - an orange flag with the Service emblem above the white inscirption in English "RESCUE".

The Service was established in 1950 within then Mountaineering Assiciation of Croatia. It used the same emblem in only slightly different artistic stylization with inscription "Gorska služba spašavanja - P.S.H." It is not confirmed that it used any flag prior to 1990's.

Croatian Olympic Committee

Hrvatski olimpijski odbor

[Croatian Olympic Committee] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: 10th September 1993
Source: Pravilnik o zastavi i znaku Hrvatskog olimpijskog odbora, br. 1191, Zagreb 1993.; Hrvatski olimpijski odbor http://www.hoo.tel.hr/hoo 1999.

The flag of the Olympic Committee conforms to the regulations set by the International Olympic Committee for the national committees' flags, being a white flag with the national committee emblem in the middle. The emblem of the COC consist of the Olympic rings above six red squares reminding on the coat of arms of Croatia, all set on a red bordered white shield with the name of the Committee in blue in base. This is the official flag, but the de facto flag is used much more often.

Croatian Olympic Committee, de facto flag

[Croatian Olympic Committee, <I>de facto</I> flag] [De facto] 1:2
In use: since 1991
Source: author's observation in multiple occasions; flag hoisted dayly on HOO headquarters in Zagreb

The de facto flag uses only the central part of the emblem - rings and squares, omitting the rest. It was told that this is the first proposal of the emblem which was rejected by the IOC due to their regulations requiring the size of the rings to be less the 1/3 of the total area of the symbol (or something of the sort). After the rejection, the new emblem as shown above was adopted; however the originally proposed flag remained in practical use apparently without intention of replacing it.

Croatian Red Cross

Hrvatski crveni križ

[Croatian Red Cross] [Variant] [De facto] [Two-sided] ~ | 1:1 | 2:3 | 1:2 [Croatian Red Cross]
Adopted: 9th November 1991
Sources: Zakon o Crvenom križu, 9. 11. 1991
François Bugnion: "Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal", International Committee of the Red Cross, May 2007, www.icrc.org
"Draft Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III)", Geneva, 12 October 2000.
"The Emblems of Humanity", International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, www.ifrc.org
"Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal Emblems - Design Guidelines", June 2006, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, www.ifrc.org

The Croatian law on Red Cross defines and ensures protection to the flag of the Croatian red cross society that is member of the International Committee of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. It is, of course, the internationally recognized Red Cross flag.
The emblem and the flag of the Red Cross were defined with the Geneva Conventions of 1864 and further amendments, while the details of drawing - consrtuction of the cross were deliberately left undefined (so that a party in armed conflict could not misuse the determinations). The current regulations on the emblem and flag are "Regulations on the use of the Emblem of the Red Cross or the Red Crescent by the National Societies" adopted on the 20th Red Cross and Red Crescent International Conference in Vienna, 1965 and revised on the Delegates Council in Budapest 1991. Article 5 of the Regulations describe the emblem so on white background a red "cross formed with two cross-pieces, one vertical and the other horizontal crossing in the middle". The emblem of Red Crescent enjoys the same protection while its "shape and direction of the crescent are not regulated. Neither the cross nor the crescent shall touch the edges of the flag or the shield. The shade of the red is not specified. The ground shall always be white." Also, the ratio of with to length of the flag is not regulated. In the international surroundings, due to tradition, it is usual that the emblem of the Red Cross is displayed of the same dimensions as the cross in the flag of Switzerland (in transposed colours, since that is also the origin of the emblem), however, that does not prevent or limit other designs conforimg with the above descriptions. The flag ratio in the international events is usually square shaped, following the Swiss model of square flags, but other ratios and also acceptable - so that the flags produced in rations euqal to the ratios of the local national flag are usual (so in Croatia it would be 1:2).
The national organizations, in accordance to Art. 7 of the same Regulations may prescribe dimensions and proportions of the emblem for "indicative use" (i.e. for logo consistency within the organization), but that does not mean that the general flag is not acceptable.
In Croatia, the Red Cross emblem is often shown so that it is composed of five squares, in a white flag in overall ratio 1:2.
The IFRC prefers the emblem fo the cross 66 units long and 20 units wide, in the flag of 100×150 units.

Except the Red Cross and the Red Crescent emblems, in accordance to the Geneva Conventionas, an equally valid emblem is the emblem of the Red Lion and Sun, that was in use in Iran until 1980, but is now made obsolete for the Red Crescent emblem. In some countries with mixed population a combined ("double") emblem of the corss and crescent is used, without consent of the international organization. In Israel, the Red Shield of David (Magen David Adom) is used, that was not approved by the International Committee as a new symbol in the sense of the Geneva conventions. The issue was finally resolved with the adoption fo the, so called, Protocol III, in December 2005, introducing a new emblem of "Red Crystal" (actually it is a red voided lozenge - rotated square), a equally valid to crescent and cross, to be used by those organizations who do not want ot one one of the two previous symbols. The Propocol III introduces a new flexibility of the Crystal emblem, since in its center one of the emblems the ICRC recognizes may be set (i.e. the cross, the crescent, the double emblem of cross and crescent and the shield of David).

Croatian Red Cross, National Society

Nacionalno društvo Hrvatski crveni križ

[Croatian Red Cross, National Society] [Variant] ~1:2
In use: since 1991
Source: Statut Hrvatskog Crvenog križa, 22.03.2016, NN 56/2016, 17.06.2016.

The national society as organization has flag to indicate the individual society. It is white, rectangular or square, with the Red Cross emblem in the centre. The name of the national society is inscribed either along the bottom in the lower third of the flag, or, as it is almost exclusivly seen in practice, circularly around the central emblem within two concentric circles. The inscription may include names in other languages as well.

Crosco, d.o.o.

[Crosco, d.o.o.] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: about 1991 ?
Sources: author's observation
www.crosco.com 10.01.2005.

The company specialized for oil drilling and research in the INA group maintains platforms around the world. The flag is red with the company logo in the middle.

Cultural Monument

[Cultural Monument]
[Vertical] 2:3~

In use: since 1990

A flag that was hoisted (usually vertically) on buildings and other objects of special cultural importance (protected by UNESCO and similar) to prevent devastation of these under conditions of war, typically, used on museums, churches and other buildings of cultural heritage, was white with blue UNESCO symbol of cultural monument (down-pointing pentagram per saltire blue and white) and in lower part inscription "SPOMENIK KULTURE" (Cultural monument).

FINA – The Financial Agency

Financijska agencija

[FINA – The Financial Agency] (1) [Normal] 1:2
[FINA – The Financial Agency] (2) [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: 2006
Source: author's observation

The flag is very dark blue with the white logo of the Agency set along the very bottom of the flag. The flag is printed, so that the reverse includes the logo along the oposite edge rotated 180°, often visible through semitransparent flag sheet. The logo consists of inscripotion Fina using a sans-serifed font with 9 rectangles ot the left of the letter F, each gradually being thinner then the previous.
FINA is the main company in the financial mediation, owned by the state dealing with the public finances. It has been established in 2002 by the reform of the state owned Institute for Payment Transactions (Zavod za platni promet, ZAP), and the older Social Accounting Service (Služba društvenog knjigovodstva, SDK). The SDK was the organization in the socialist period that enjoyed the exclusive right in the former state to perform payment transactions within the country. In 1993 it was transformed into ZAP and gradually the state removed the monopoly in the transactions. FINA has offices in all cities around the county (over 180 offices).

Hrvatska elektroprivreda d.d.

[Hrvatska elektroprivreda d.d.] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: about 1991
Sources: author's observation
www.hep.hr 10.01.2005.

The company runs the power plants and electric transfer systems. The logo of the company consists of a square divided with a symbols white thunderbolt into red and blue parts. The flag is, however, consisting of this logo within a white border, but with the blue part enlarged so that it fill out the rest of the flag. In that blue part in the lower fly is the company "cipher", white outlined letters HEP.

Hrvatska pošta d.d.

Hrvatska pošta d.d.

[Hrvatska pošta d.d.] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: about 1999 ?
Sources: author's observation
www.posta.hr 10.01.2005.

The postal service was recently divided from previous joint company with the telecom. It is using a flag over the post offices countrywide: yellow (yellow being traditional postal colour in this region of the world) with black logo in the middle and the company name beneath it. The logo is a (much) stylized postal horn.

Hrvatske ceste, d.o.o.

[Hrvatske ceste, d.o.o.]
[Vertical] 1:2

Adopted: about 1991
Source: Hrvatske ceste d.o.o. http://www.hc.tel.hr/ 30.10.2002

The state enterprise for managing, building and maintaining of the public roads uses a yellow flag with the company logo in green in the middle. It is mostly to be seen at the high-ways toll stations.

Hrvatske šume, d.o.o.

Hrvatske šume, d.o.o.

[Hrvatske šume, d.o.o.] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: about 1991
Source: Hrvatske šume, d.o.o. http://www.hrsume.hr 30.10.2002

This company developed from the state owned enterprise for managing forest and forest lands in the Republic of Croatia. The logo consists of the Croatian shield that extends over the outlines of two trees representing broadleaved and coniferous tree species. Is it set in the Croatian tricolour of which the central white stripe is made considerably wider. The flag is seen all around the country on many mills and forestry offices hoisted together with the national flag.

Hrvatske vode d.d.

[Hrvatske vode d.d.]
[Vertical] 2:3~

Adopted: about 1991
Sources: author's observation
www.vode.hr 10.01.2005.

The state company for water management, control, survey and information on water conditions, maintenance and regulation of water courses, ice and flood control, protection of water resources and so on. The company flag is vertical white flag with the company logo in the middle occupying the entire width and with the company name in the base. The logo consists of ten irregular wavy bars, top five green and bottom five blue. The flag is hoisted at least in front of the company headquarters in Zagreb.

Hrvatske željeznice d.o.o.

Hrvatske željeznice d.o.o.

[Hrvatske željeznice d.o.o.] [Normal] 1:2~
Adopted: about 1991
Sources: author's observation
www.hznet.hr 10.01.2005.

The national railroads company use a symbol consisting of a circle with the company initials vaguely reminding to the railroad tracks. The flag of white with the blue symbol seems to be the company flag, but it seems that flags of other colour combinations might also bee seen occasionally.

INA – Industrija nafte d.d.

[INA – Industrija nafte d.d.]
[Vertical] 1:2~

Adopted: about 1970
Sources: author's observation
www.ina.hr 10.01.2005.

The national petrol company uses a flag of blue, vertical, with the company emblem set within a white circle in the upper part of the flag. The emblem consists of a bold-fonted initials INA while there is a dot in the upper part of the first letter. This emblem was adopted (I believe) sometime in the 1970's, and in the latter years it seems to have been regularly used without the ring. The flag is nowadays less frequently used on the petrol stations (that use various marketing promotional banners instead), but it may still be seen hoisted in front of the headquarters of various companies in the INA family.

Janaf – Jadranski naftovod, d.d.

[Janaf – Jadranski naftovod, d.d.] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: about 1991 ?
Sources: author's observation
www.janaf.hr 10.01.2005.

The national oil pipeline leading from Omišalj on island of Krk on Adriatic coast toward east to Serbia and to Hungary and further on to Russia. The flag is white with the company logo and five blue stripes below, the topmost dark blue the other light blue.

Mining Branch

[Mining Branch] [Normal] 1:2~
In use: since ?

The flag representing the mining branch (companies, industries, installations, associations, trade unions etc.) and miners is green and black bicolour with two golden mining hammers in saltire. Sometimes an oil tower is added, too.

League of Anti-fascist Fighters and Antifascists of the Republic of Croatia, SABA H

Savez antifašističkih boraca i antifašista Republike Hrvatske

[League of Anti-fascist Fighters and Antifascists of the Republic of Croatia, SABA H] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: 16th April 1992
Source: Statut SABA RH, 4. studenog 2004.

The flag of SABA H is the Croatian tricolour with the emblem of the organization in the middle. The emblem consists of a five-pointed star composed of red rays and in the middle of it a partisan three-pointed cap with a five-pointed star.

SABA H is the veteran organization of the fighters of the National Liberation Struggle, i.e. of partisans fighting against fascists, nacists and their collaborators in the World War II. Today the organization also include the youth that preserves the antifascist ideals. The organization is the successor of the Union of Associations of Fighters from the National Liberatioin War of Croatia (Savez udruga boraca narodnooslobodilačkog rata Hrvatske) established in 1948, renamed to the League of Anti-fascist Fighters, SAB in 1992 and 1997 finally getting the current name in 2002.

Scouts Association of Croatia

Savez izviđača Hrvatske

[Scouts Association of Croatia] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: 25th January 1997

The flag is green with the Scouts Association of Croatian (SIH) emblem in the middle, a fleur-de-lis chequered red and silver, and surrounded with golden inscription bearing the name of the Association. According to SIH rules the flag size is 80 × 160 cm, it is fringed in gold, the flagstaff is 280 cm long and 4 cm in diameter, and ending with finial in shape of SIH symbol (chequered fleur-de-lis) made of wood or metal. Beside, there are other flags in use in SIH, those of major divisions are the same apart from the text ('Zajednica odreda ...' or 'Savez izvidača općine ...'). The flags of basic units are smaller (80 × 120 cm) of similar design. The flags of naval, river and air units are blue, and under the SIH symbol there is an anchor or an air symbol. Company flags are rectangular 65 cm : 65 cm in different colours of background and SIH symbol. Patrol flags are triangular of 40 cm base and 85 cm sides with name or symbol of the patrol. The flagstaff are decreasing for each flag.

Varaždin Baroque Evenings

Varaždinske barokne večeri

[Varaždin Baroque Evenings] [Normal] 1:2
Adopted: ?
Source: Flags in Varaždin cathedral, photo ŽH, 2003.

The baroque music festival named "Varaždin baroque evenings" is held annually since 1970. The festival flags are held in the Varaždin Cathedral while not in use. The base for the flag is five-striped flag of Varaždin on which is set the festival emblem - the baroque organ of the Cathedral and initials VBV readable from both sides.

Vinkovci Autumns

Vinkovačke jeseni

[Vinkovci Autumns]
[Vertical] 1:2

In use: since ca. 1994?
Design: Joza Mataković, an academic painter from Vinkovci
Source: "Bio je to moj dar Vinkovcima", Vinkovački list, 21.09.2001.

The flag of the folklore festival "Vinkovačke jeseni" is vertical nine stripes golden and white with the festival emblem set infrontz of a Croatian tricolour ribbon couped in bend. The emblem, designed by Jozo Mataković in 1966 for the first festival is still used, with only minor variations throughout the years. The festival flags, initially white with the emblem, were since the adoption of the city and county flags golden-white multistriped (in several variations). Besides, the companies participating the festival are also equipped with white banners with the festival logo and the company name to be used in the ceremonial procession and during their performances. Often the year or the order number of the festival in inscribed in the logo as well.
The logo pictures a gourd as a symbol of folklore, an apple as a symbol of automn (and since in 1966 Vinkovci had the largest apple plantations in Europe), sun and black fertile soil.

Zagreb Fair

Zagrebački velesajam

[Zagreb Fair]
[Vertical] 1:2

In use: since 1995?
Design: Boris Ljubičić, acedemic painter and graphical designer from Zagreb
Sources: Željko Heimer: Grbovi i zastave grada Zagreba, Leykam International, 2009, 147-148.
Stamp of the Croatian Post, 1999.

The Zagreb Fair, international fair manifestation, uses a white vertical flag with a logo consisting of diagonally red and blue hatched silhouettes of businessmen with two voided diagonally set squares, topped with the fair name in blue.

Zagreb Fair, ca. 1955 - ca. 1990

[Zagreb Fair, ca. 1955 - ca. 1990]
[Vertical] 1:2

In use: since 1955?
Sources: Željko Heimer: Grbovi i zastave grada Zagreba, Leykam International, 2009, 147-148.
Stamp of the Croatian Post, 1999.

After the World War II the manifestation was renamed to Zagrebački velesajam and continued from 1947. Since at least late 1950's it uses a blue vertical flag with the white fair emblem in the centre - consisting of a stylized letter V forming in its voided interior the letter Z all topped with stylized wings and the emblem of the Union of International Fairs (Union des foires international). The UFI emblem depcts the head of Mars with his winged helmet as a symbol of trade and a cog wheel as a symbol of industry. The Union name is inscribed in the wheel.

Zagreb Fair, ca. 1930 - ca. 1940

Zagrebački zbor

[Zagreb Fair, ca. 1930 - ca. 1940]
[Vertical] 1:2

In use: since 1930?

The international fair manifestation was established in Zagreb in 1909 under the name Zagrebački zbor. At least since late 1920's it used a blue vertical flag with a white disk offset towards the top containing the Bauhaus type font initials ZZ.

[Previous page: Croatia - Shipping Companies, part 4, after 1990][FAME Home Page][Index of pages][Alphabetic index][Chronologic index][What's new?][About FAME][Links to other web pages][Mail me][Ova stranica dostupna je i na hrvatskom: Hrvatska - ostale zastave][Next page: Croatia - Unofficial Flags]


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