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Page created: 18th November 2002
Last updated: 16th April 2016
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]

The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
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Croatia - Shipping Companies, part 1, before 1918




See also:

Bakar


Bakarsko parobrodarsko društvo, Bakar

[Bakarsko parobrodarsko društvo, Bakar] [Reconstruction] ?
In use: since 19th century
Sources: Vladimir Isaić: Pomorski običaji i tradicije, Adamić, Rijeka, 2001.
Hrvatska Enciklopedija, Leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", 1999

The flag of the steamship society of Bakar was based on the Croatian national tricolour, inscribed with letters BBD in the white stripe. No further details available at the moment. Of course, as any house flag this was hoisted on mainmast or some other place, while the appropriate (in this case) Austro-Hungarian ensign was hoisted on the stern.

Established as Hrvatsko brodarsko društvo with three ships and in 1878 the first steamship Grad Bakar was built, so the name was changed to Bakarsko parobrodarsko društvo.


Hrvatsko brodarsko društvo, Bakar, 1875 – 1878

[Hrvatsko brodarsko društvo, Bakar, 1875 – 1878] [Normal] 3:5~
Adopted: 1875
Abandoned: 1878
Source: "Bark 'Ban Mažuranić'", ulje na platnu, reprodukcija u "Opća i nacionalna enciklopedija u 20 knjiga", knjiga 2, "Ar-Be", Pro leksis i Večernji list, Zagreb 2005. str. 186.

The flag of the shipping society of Bakar was based on the national colours, being blue-white-blue tricolour with the red inscription HBD in the central stripe. The painting showes it hoisted atop the mainmast and with the Dual Monarchy flag as the ensign.

Hrvatsko brodarsko društvo owned ships (barks) Ban Mažuranić, Hrvat i Bakaran and renamed when it obtained the first steamship.



Dubrovnik


Dubrovačka parobrodska plovidba, Dubrovnik

Dubrovačka Parobrodska Plovidba Dubrovnik

[Dubrovačka parobrodska plovidba, Dubrovnik] [Normal] 2:3~
Source: Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.

The flag is horizontally divided in red over blue with an anchor in the middle between letters DP.

The company is established in 1880 as a carat society. It was also known as Dubrovačka plovidba and Ragusea. See more on the next page.


Dubrovačko pomorsko društvo, Dubrovnik

Dubrovačko pomorsko društvo, Dubrovnik

Source: Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.

Company was active between 1869 and 1889, operating a dozen sailships.


Napried, Dubrovnik

Navigazione a Vapore “Napried” Ragusa

[Napried, Dubrovnik] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.
Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.

The flag is red over blue bicolour with white letter N overall. This flag yielded a whole set of house flags from Dubrovnik and variations are used still today. Origin of colours is the Croatian tricolour and the red and blue barry coat of arms of Dubrovnik.

The company was established in 1894 with the first ship named also Napried (name spelled also "Naprijed"). In 1912 operated eight ships owned by captains M. Marinović and Rajmund Negini, in 1913 was added ship Dubrovnik. Two ships were lost in WWI and in 1918 company was merged with Dubrovačka parobrodska plovidba.


Unione, Dubrovnik

Navigazione a Vapore "Unione" Dubrovnik

[Unione, Dubrovnik] [Normal] 2:3~
Source: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912

The flag is red over blue bicolour with white cipher UR (= Unione Ragusa) overall.

The overseas line company established in 1890 as caratist society lead by Ivan Račić, in 1907 with 7 cargo hips company retained 4 while 3 were seceded to Slobodna plovidba Ivo Račić i drugovi. In 1914 operated 14 cargo ships, merged with Dubrovačka parobrodska plovidba in 1918.



Krk


Austro-hrvatsko parobrodarsko društvo na dionice, Punat

Source: Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.

The company was established in 1906, fusioned in 1912 with the Krčko of Šilo, maintained lines in Kvarner bay with four steamships. In 1922 it was amalgamated in 1922 into Jadranska Plovidba d.d.


Krčko parobrodarsko društvo, Šilo



Mali Lošinj


Capponi & Freno, Mali Lošinj

B.U. Capponi & Giovanni Freno - Lussinpiccolo

[Capponi & Freno, Mali Lošinj] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.

The flag is red and white divided in diagonal cross.


Martinolich & Co., Mali Lošinj

Marco U. Martinolich & Co. - Lussinpiccolo

[Martinolich & Co., Mali Lošinj] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.
Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.
Info Neale Rosanoski, 5 November 2004

Blue flag with white lozenge throughout.

Marko's father Nikola was leading shipbuilder in Mali Lošinj, among others building the 700 t bark Leone, largest in the Lošinj fleet, and the 2500 t nava Imperatrice Elisabetta, largest on the Adriatic. In 1885 began building iron ships, Marko built 71 ships totalling to over 9000 t. The steamship company was established in 1911 with 7 steamships. The company closed in 1937.
Marco U. Martinolich apparently subsequently located himself in Trieste and in the late 1950s to latter 1960s was again a ship-owner under the title of Marco U. Martinolich Societé di Navigazione per Azioni, still using the same flag as shown by US Navy 1961 and Stewart 1963.


Premuda & Co., Mali Lošinj

Societé di Navigazione a Vapore “Eredi Matteo Premuda & Co.” - Lussinpiccolo

[Premuda & Co., Mali Lošinj] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.

Blue flag with white letter P.


Vapore, Mali Lošinj

Societé Anonima di Navigazione a Vapore Lussino - Lussinpiccolo

[Vapore, Mali Lošinj] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.
Info Neale Rosanoski, 5 November 2004

The flag is white with black letter L. Other sources show the letter in red.
According to Talbot-Booth, who from 1936 on shows it as Italian, it was formed in 1907 and is apparently relocated after the World War to Trieste where being shown still in the early 1950s by Lloyds as Societé di Navigazione “Lussino”.



Orebić

Orebić


Peljesac Maritime Association

Asociazione Marittima di Sabioncello

[Peljesac Maritime Association] [Normal] 3:5~
Source: Gordana Tudor, kustos, Pomorski muzej Split, 03.11.2004:

The flag is in the colours of the Croatian tricolour, white lozenge throughout with red and blue triangles surrounding it and black initials of the society embroidered in the middle on both sides. There are at least three of this flags preserved one each in the museums of Split, Orebić and Dubrovnik and it is found on many paintings of the society's ships. The society was established in 1865 and in a bit more the 20 years of existence built or purchased some 33 large sail ships. With the increase of steam shipping the society dissolved in 1891.



Rijeka


Adria, Rijeka

Royal Hungarian Sea Navigation Company “Adria” Limited - Fiume

[Adria, Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: James Griffin, Flags National and Mercantile for the use of officers of the Royal Navy, Mercantile Marine, and yacht sqaudrons, 3rd edition, Portsmouth, Griffin & Co., 1895
Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.
Hrvatska Enciklopedija, Leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", 1999

The flag is light green with white oval containing a red letter A over a cabled blue anchor. Griffin calls the company: Adriatic Hungarian Steam Navigation Co. with slightly different emblem that include crown above the emblem, but the illustration is too small to recognize details.

The company was established in 1882 in Rijeka. It was the leading steamship company of the Croato-Hungarian part of the Monarchy, connecting Rijeka with North-European, western Mediterranean and South-American harbours. It managed 34 steamships. After the World War it was given to Italy and in 1937 it was fusioned with the Tirrenia company.


Copaitich & Co., Rijeka

S. Copaitich & Co. - Fiume

[Copaitich & Co., Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.

White flag with red six-pointed star.


Grünhut & Co., Rijeka

Grünhut & Co. - Fiume

[Grünhut & Co., Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.

The flag is white with blue border and blue cross throughout and with a blue six-pointed star in each of the quarters except the canton where a blue letter G is set.


Indeficienter, Rijeka

“Indeficienter” Sea Navigation Co. Ltd. - Fiume

[Indeficienter, Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.

The flag is Hungarian tricolour of red over white over green with black numbers 1901 in the central stripe. The numbers denote the year when the company was established. The name of the company is taken from the motto of the coat of arms of Rijeka (meaning "inexhaustible").


Oriente, Rijeka

Società Anonima Ungherese de Armamento Marittimo "Oriente" Fiume

[Oriente, Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Source: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912

The flag is red with a yellow 14-rayed sun.


Ungaro-Croato, Rijeka

Societé in Azioni Ungaro-Croato di Navigazione Marittima a Vapore - Fiume

[Ungaro-Croato, Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.
Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.

The flag is red with white six-pointed star.

Coastal shipping society established by fusion of smaller companies of Rijeka and Senj in 1891, developed into the largest coastal company of the Empire with 46 ships. The ships (only three) remaining after the World War gave birth to Jadranska plovidba, Sušak.


Ungaro-Croato Libera, Rijeka

Societé in Azioni Ungaro-Croato per la Navigazione Libera - Fiume

[Ungaro-Croato Libera, Rijeka] [Normal] 2:3~
Sources: Flags and Funnels of the principal steamship lines of the world, London, Lloyd’s 1912
Thanks to information provided by Ian Sumner 05 Nov 2002.
Pomorski leksikon, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža", Zagreb, 1990.

The flag is red with blue six-pointed star. After the World War virtually the same flag was used by Parobrodska plovidba.

The company established in 1899 in Sušak by the Croatian owners from Rijeka, the coast and Zagreb, having 6 ships in 1914. Changed name to Prekomorska plovidba after the World War, retaining the same flag.



Senj


Senjsko parobrodarsko društvo, Senj

[Senjsko parobrodarsko društvo, Senj] [Reconstruction] ?
In use: since 19th century
Source: Vladimir Isaić: Pomorski običaji i tradicije, Adamić, Rijeka, 2001.

The flag of the steamship society of Senj was based on the Croatian national tricolour, inscribed with letters SBD in the white stripe. No further details available at the moment. Of course, this was hoisted on mainmast or some other place, while the appropriate Austro-Hungarian ensign was hoisted on the stern.



[Previous page: Croatia - Shipping Companies][FAME Home Page][Index of pages][Alphabetic index][Chronologic index][What's new?][About FAME][Links to other web pages][Mail me][Ova stranica dostupna je i na hrvatskom: Hrvatska - brodarske tvrtke, 1. dio, do 1918.][Next page: Croatia - Shipping Companies, part 2, 1918 - 1945]

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