[Previous page: Austria-Hungary - Maritime Flags][FAME Home Page][Index of pages][Alphabetic index][Chronologic index][What's new?][About FAME][Links to other web pages][Mail me][Ova stranica dostupna je i na hrvatskom: Austrougarska, krunske zemlje, I. dio: Cislajtanija][Next page: Austria-Hungary - Crown Lands, part II: Transleithnia and Bosnia & Herzegovina]

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Page created: 22nd September 1996
Last updated: 20th September 2009
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]
This page is under construction! Links and images might be missing!
Data presented on this page may be entirely incorrect!

The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
[NSK - Digital Archives] This site is harvested for the NSK digital archives.

Austria-Hungary - Crown Lands, part I: Cisleithnia


Habsburg Empire was divided in Cisleithania and Transleithania, which after 1868 became known as Austrian and Hungarian Crown Lands, respectively. Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of neither and was jointly administered from both Vienna and Budapest.
Austro-Hungarian Crown Lands had been granted, so called, Landesfarben - land colours, that were derived from their coats of arms. The order of colours was a bit different throughout of history, but it seems that it has established at the middle of 19th century to what is presented here. These were not flags in modern sense of the word; they were rather ornamental colours to be used to be used in various official ceremonies when the land was to be represented. Among other such ornamental uses was also displaying them as flags or often as very long vertical banners. Sometimes the arms of the land was added in the middle, but is seems that there is no official background for this practice. In many cases these Landesfarben have strongly influenced the development of modern national flags, either directly or more indirectly.


See also:

Istria

Margraviate of Istria, Markgrafschaft Istrien

[Istria] [Istria]
[Istria]

The coat of arms of Istria is auzre a goat or horned and hoofed gules. The shield is crowned with a Habsburg ducal crown. It is said that the goat as symbol of Istria originate from pre-Roman period and that it was heraldrised already in the early heraldic period around 12th century. It is certainly used by the Habsburg rulers of central Istria in 15th century, and for the entire peninsula it was taken from the Venice.
The Landesfarben of Istria are based on the coat of arms colours, but it seems that 19th cnetury sources each give its own version: red-yellow-blue and yellow-red-blue being the most often quoted, but blue-yellow red and only bicolour yellow-blue are also mentioned.



Dalmatia

Kingdom of Dalmatia, Königreich Dalmatien

[Dalmatia] [Dalmatia]
In use: since 1848
Abandoned: 1918
Source: Mayers Konversations Lexikon, Leipzig and Wien, 1897.

The coat of arms of Dalmatia Azure, three crowned leopard's heads Or is used since 14th century, and though the origin of the coat of arms is not quite clear it seems to be connected with the dynastic houses of Anjou and Luxembourg. Since 16th century Habsburgs take the rule and use it in their achievement, but the same coat of arms is used by other regional powers claiming right to Dalmatia (e.g. by Venice). In the heraldic language a leopard is a lion shown guardant (i.e. looking towards the observer), and it has nothing to do with the real animal of the same name.



[Previous page: Austria-Hungary - Maritime Flags][FAME Home Page][Index of pages][Alphabetic index][Chronologic index][What's new?][About FAME][Links to other web pages][Mail me][Ova stranica dostupna je i na hrvatskom: Austrougarska, krunske zemlje, I. dio: Cislajtanija][Next page: Austria-Hungary - Crown Lands, part II: Transleithnia and Bosnia & Herzegovina]

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