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Flags of the World
Page created: 3rd April 2016|
Last updated: 3rd July 2017
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The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
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Ecclesiastical arms in Croatia follow the specifical church heraldic tradition, that differs in details from secolar - nobility and minicipal heraldry. The contemporary ecclesiastical heraldry includes the coats of arms of priests as well as of various church institutions, and at leats in the 20th cnetury shows lesser or greater shift from the traditional heraldic principles when composing contents of a shield. The rank insignia for priests include a galero - priestly hat with wide circular rim with cords with tassels hanging from it. The colour of galero and the number of tassels depends on the rank. Also, bishops display a cross behind the shield, and archbishops a double cross, and they may include other symbols, like mitre and crozier. Matropolitan bishops may also display a pallium hanging behing the shield, although it is today aften omitted.
Today, as a rule, priests elect they arms only when named bishops. When raised to higher offices, they may retain the same arms with appropriately modified rank symbols, but they may also introduce modifications in the contents of the shield, It is usual that once assumed bishop's motto is retained for life.
The ecclesiastical teritorial units in Croatia have coats of arms in Croatia today only occasionally, and if so, they are often composed only of a shield with chanrges within it. They are often based or even equal to the coat of arms of the first official who held the pastoral office in the unit. Sometimes, in stead of arms, (circular) seals are used.
Unlike the municipal and state arms, which are today mostly standardized in design, the ecclesiastical arms of one and the same persion or institution may differ in much details of artistic representation, in accordance with the heraldic tradition, depending on artist and medium. Here they are shown in an artistic interpretation of the author of these web site.
No flags for these individuals nor institution, as a rule, were recorded in use so far.
Established in the 3rd century as the Diocese of Salona, relocted the seat in Split in the 7th century. Since 925 Metropolitan Archodiocese. Until 1807 the matropolitan archbishops of Split had title of Primas of Dalmatia and all Croatia. The Diocese of Split and Makarska was established in 1828 from the previous Archdiocese of Split united with the Diocese of Makarska and the disbanded Diocese of Trogir. Raised to Archdiocese in 1969.
Or throughout a heart gules and in the base dexter azure three barrulets argent. The shield is topped with a double cross azure, topped with a galero with cords and ten tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon or a motto azure: „Oče naš“ (Our Father).
Appointed 2000. Since 1993 Auxciliary Bishop of Split and Makarska, Titular Bishop of Feradi Maggiore. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1978 (?).
Argent quartered by a cross gules, the first a sun issuant from base sinister, the second a dove raising, the third a doube chevron couped azure, the fourth a cross gules superimposed over a cross azure superimposed over another cross gules. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a double cross pommy or, topped with a galero with cords and ten tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent a motto sable: „U križu je spas“ (The cross is salvation).
Appointed 1988. Retired 2000.
Over chequy gules and argent a winged tower or. The shield is topped with a double cross or. Motto: Victoria sanctorum (Victory of saints)
Appointed Bishop of Split and Makarska in 1954. Since 1969 Archbishop and Metropolitan Bishop of Split and Makarska. Retired 1988. Auxiliary Bishop of Split and Makarska and Titular Bishop of Agathopolis 1950. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1941.
Appointed 1966, previously since 1961 Auxiliary Bishop of Dubrovnik, and since 1983 Bishop of Kotor (Cattaro).
Per fess, the chief par pale, the first azure a [chalice …?] argent, the second or on a mount vert a trees with fuits gules [?], the third gules a cross argent within [n?] mullets or in annulet [?]. The shield topped with a pastoral staff with a Latin cross between a mitre and crozier, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon azure a motto argent: „[?]“.
Appointed 1923. Retired 1954 as Titular Bishop of Ioannina. Doctorate at the Higher Scientific Institute for Diocesan Priests at St. Augustine's (Augustineum) in Vienna in 1903.
Image reconstructed from fuzzy miniature - highly unreliable!
Appointed 1918. Since 1906 Auxiliary Bishop of Split and Makarska, Titular Bishop of Ceramus. Doctorate at the Higher Scientific Institute for Diocesan Priests at St. Augustine's (Augustineum) in Vienna in 1891.
Appointed 1911. Doctorate at the University in Vienna in 1880.
Established in the first centuries of Christianity as the Diocese of Epidaur (Cavtat), relocated in the 7th century to Ragusa (Dubovnik). Raised to Metropolitan Archdiocese in 999 with jurisdiction between the rivers of Neretva and Bojana (Buna) and inlands including Bosnia and Serbia. After the fall of the Dubrovnik Republic, in 1828 made a diocese sufragan to the Zadar Archdiocese and gained territories of then supressed dioceses of Ston and Korčula. From the hinterground parts created Apostolic Vicariate of Herzegovina in 1846. Since 1969 suffragan to the Split and Makarska Archdiocese.
Gules on from a base wavy azure waves with a fish argent St. Blasius also argent stantant clad or, his right raised in blessing, in his left a city argent and a crozier, and in the chief dexter the Glagolitic letter Ⰰ (Az) and in sinister Ⱉ (Ot). Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony or, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon or a motto sable: „Od ljudi za ljude“ [Εξ ανθρωπων υπερ ανθρωπων, (Eks anthrópon hyper anthrópon), Ex hominibus pro hominibus, Ⱁⱅ ⱍⰾⱁⰲⱑⰽⱜ ⰸⰰ ⰾⱓⰴⰻ (Ot člověkь za ljudi) meaning „From the people for the people“].
Gules over three bars argent a triple-watteled cross argent lined or. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony argent between a mitre and crozier in saltire, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent a motto sable: „Unitas Libertas Cartitas“ (Unity, Liberty, Charity).
Appointed 1989. Since 2010 Archbishop of Zadar.
As the Archbishop he uses the same coat of arms with appropriately modified emblems of rank.
Motto: „In fide, spe et caritate“ (In faith, hope and love)
Appointed Apostolic Administartor in 1988 as the Bishop of Mostar and Duvno (1980 – 1993) due to illness and afterwards retirement of Bishop Pernek, until appoiontment of Bishop Puljić in 1990. Previously since 1970 Bishop Coadjutor of Mostar and Duvno, Titular Bishop of Edistiana.
Gules six bendlets argent and in a canton azure a latin cross throughout also argent. Topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent a motto sable: „Veritate in caritate“ ([To serve] truth in charity).
Appointed 1937. Doctorate at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome in 1960.
Appointed 1950. Since 1938 bishop of Kotor (Cattaro), since 1940 Apostolic Administrator of Dubrovnik. Doctorate honoris cuasa of the Facuzlty of Catholic TeologyFakulty in Zagreb 1964.
Appointed 1961, afterwards since 1966 Auxiliary Bishop of Split-Makarska, and since 1983 Bishop of Kotor (Cattaro).
Appointed 1929. Retired 1940 as Bishop Emeritus of Dubrovnik, Titular Bishop of Aristium. Doctorate at the Gregorian Pontifical University in Rome.
Appointed 1894. Since 1893 Apostlic Administrator of Kotor (Cattaro), Titular Bishop of Tanis. Doctorate in theology in Vienna.
Established in the mid-12th century as the Diocese of Hvar or of the Islands with the seat in Stari Grad on the island of Hvar, and since 1278 in the city of Hvar, covering the islands of Hvar, Brač and Vis with the number of smller islands in the aquatory, and until the 14th century also the islands Korčula, Mljet and the Makarska littoral. In the 19th century it was known as the Diocese of Hvar and Brač and since the end of it under the current name, although it was always refered to and it is still refered to, even in the formal circumstances, simply as the Diocese of Hvar.
Celestial the letter M or over white lined seas azure ensigned with three mullets of six or, one and two. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony or between a mitre and crozier in saltire, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon celestial a motto sable: „Neka je Bog prvi“ (Let the God be first).
Gyrrony sable and argent a cross fleury counter-changed and in the cheif [azure three mullets of six or?]. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony between a mitre and crozier in saltire, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon celestial a motto sable: „[?]“.
Succeeded 1970. Previously Auxiliary Bishop of Hvar, Brač and Vis, Titular Bishop of Hadrumentum since 1956, Coadjutor Bishop of Hvar, Brač and Vis since 1967. Retired 1989.
Motto: Propter Christum usque ad mortem (For Christ until death).
Appointed 1926. Archbishop ad personam 1940. Administrator of the Zadar Archdiocese 1948 - 1950. Retired 1970 as Titular Archbishop of Buxentum.
Motto: Caritas Labor.
Appointed 1918. Previously Bishop of Šibenik since 1911.
Per fess sable a crown with a palm branch and a lilly between in the chief a mullet of six or and in the base a Dalmatian dog carrying a torch, an orb and a book, and azure an oak ensigned with Lady. Motto: Sub umbra illius sedi (I sit in his shade [Song of Songs, 2:3]).
Appointed 1888. Previously Archbishop of Skopje since 1879.
At least since the 6th century the Diocese of Skradin (Scardona) is recorded in the region. Since the 15th century it loses imporance and is occasionally under the administration of bishops from surrouding cities of Nin, Zadar, Šibenik, Makarska. The bihsops of Skradin had jurisdictions in the Knin and the Bosnia dioceses in the 17th century, and since 1673 the diocese is suffragan to the Makarska diocese, the Šibenik bishop contesting the decision. After the liberation of majority of it territory that was held by Ottomans in 1700, the diocese was reestablished. The diocese of Trogir was established in the 10th century and the Diocese of Šibenik in 1298 as suffragan of the Split Archdiocese. In 1828 the Diocese of Skradin was united to the Diocese of Šibenik with parts of the disbanded Diocese of Trogir.
Per fess the cheif per pale, argent Christogram over a mullet of eight or, chequy gules and argent and azure a shell also argent. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a cross bottony ensigned with the Paschal Lamb in the centre, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon argent a motto sable: „Sve i u svemu Krist“ (All [is] and in all [is] Christ).
Argent a bend sinistre twice embowed between an olive branch and a single-masted boat gules with a triangular sail argent, in the chief wavy gules a mullet of six argent and in the base azure a fish nainaint also argent. Behind the shield a pastoral staff with a Latin cross argent between a mitre and crozier in saltire, topped with a galero with cords and six tassels on each side vert. Beneath in a ribbon celestial a motto sable: „Da imaju život u izobilju“ (That they might have life [...] more abundantly, Ut vitam habeant et abundantius habeant [John 10:10]).
Appointed 1997. Retired 2016. Previously Diecesan Administrator of Šibenik since 1996.
The coat of arms includes a Tau cross as the symbol of Third Order Francisans. Motto: "He is our peace".
Appointed 1987. Doctorate at the Facult of Catholic Theology in zagreb in 1965.
Appointed 1986. Afterwards since 1987 the Coadjutor Archbishop of Rijeka and Senj, succeeded in 1990. In 2000 he was formally briefly the first Archbishop and Metropolitan Bishop of Rijeka. Doctorate at the Pontifical Gregorian University and in Rome. Pontifical Institute of Sacred Liturgy at the Atheneum of St. Anselm in Rome 1966.
Appointed 1961. Retired 1986.
The coat of arms contains figure of Paschal Lamb standing on a mountain from which a river is flowing, and in the cheif the Bible, vine tree and wheat ears. Motto: „Opus Dommini operare" (To do God's work).
Appointed 1960. Previously since 1951 Apostolic Administrator of Šibenik, Titular Bishop of Corone.
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