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Flags of the World

Page created: 1st January 2006
Last updated: 4th October 2017
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]
This page is under construction! Links and images might be missing!
Data presented on this page may be entirely incorrect!

The FAME is a site devoted to the systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author supports or approves of the ideas they may stand for.
[NSK - Digital Archives] This site is harvested for the NSK digital archives.

Croatia - Medieval flags


This page is indended to show flags used on the teritorry of modern Croatia and surroundings in medieval times that are preserved mostly as drawings on the old geografic maps and navigational charts (so called portolans).
The texts and drawings on this page are made in cooperation with Tomislav Todorović, Zrenjanin.


See also:

Metković, 14th century

[Metković, 14th century]
Sources: Wigal, Donald: "Historic maritime maps used for historic exploration 1290-1699"; Parkstone Press, New York, USA, 2000; ISBN 1-85995-750-1
Gordana Tomović: "Monumenta Cartographica Jugoslaviae II", Historijski institut u Beogradu, Narodna knjiga, Belgrade 1979.

The map by Angelino Dulcert of 1339 (preserved in the National Library in Paris) showes the flags on the on the main ports in Mediteranean Sea. The flag shown for the city of Narent - today Drijeva near Metković (although Drijeva is today over the border in Bosnia and Herzegovina) is shown as being blue and white quartered. The flag is probably based on description and depiction from the book "Libro del conoscimiento de todos los Reynos" by a Franciscan friar born in Spain in 1305, which is considered among the oldest books systematically showing flags of the world.



Senj, 14th through 17th century

In the 14th century Senj was an important northern Adriatic port, first under the rule of the Frankopans, Dukes of Krk, whose armorial banner is shown as used by Senj, Although Frankopans lost power over Senj in the mid-15th century, the cartographers, copying from their sources, continued to produce portolan charts depicting flags over the port of Senj, eventually ever more deformed. The star is shown in most diverse shapes, eventually turning into a combined cross and saltire, while the yellow field eventually disapeared, among other variations. Since the mid-16th cnetury, occasionally Habsburg flag variations of double eagle appeared, while sinc ethe begining of the 17th century Senj is no longer shows ornamented with flags in ever more seldom produced portolans.
That flags were used in Senj in the period we know also from the fact that the 1388 Statutes of Senj that inlcude penal prescriptions for ships entering port without a flag displayed.


Senj, Libro de Conosçimiento

[Senj, Libro de Conosçimiento] [Senj, Libro de Conosçimiento]
Sources: "Libro del conosçimiento de todos los reynos y tierras y senoríos que son por el mundo, et de las senales et armas que han cada tierra y senorío por sy y de los reyes y senores que los proueen" (Manuscript "Z"), Cod.hisp. 150, Bavarian State Library, Munich, ca. 1350.
Marcos Jiménez de la Espada (ed.): "El Libro del Conosçimiento de todos los rregnos et tierras e senoríos que son por el mundo et de las senales et armas que han cada tierra y senorío por sy y de los reyes y senores que los proueen, escrito por un franciscano espanol á mediados del siglo XIV", Madrid: Impr. de T. Fortanet, 1877.
Markham, Clements R.: "Book of knowledge of all the kingdoms, lands, and lordships that are in the world, and the arms and devices of each land and lordship, or of the kings and lords who possess them", Tha Haklyut Society, London, 1912.
Marino, Nancy F., El libro del conoscimiento de todos los reinos = The book of knowledge of all kingdoms, Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies 198 (1999)
English summary of the Libro del Conoscimiento in National Geographic Magazine (1917) "Heroic Flags of the Middle Ages: the geography of the earth as known in Medieval times, symbolied in 96 historic standards", National Geographic Magazine, vol. 32, pp. 388–399,

The oldest portolans show the same flag as the one depicted and described in the "Libro del Conosçimiento de todos los Reynos" by a Franciscan friar born in Spain in 1305, which is considered among the oldest books systematically showing flags of the world. The date of the book is traditionally considered aroudn 1350, but some newer research set it as late as 1387. Four manuscripts are known, dubbed "Z" (today in the Bavarian State Library in Munich), "N" and "R" in the British Library and "S" in the Spanish National Library being considered the most complete copy. Several reprints and translations have been issued, usually depicting the flags redrawn in standardized ogival shape. The author descrfibes arriving to "Sena" (Senj) in the land of "Esclavonia" (Slavonia), whose king uses a "flag divided in two vertical stripes: in the vermilion stripe near the staflf is a white star, and the other stripe is yellow". The drawing in the Manuscript "Z" has a semicircular fly and cruder overall layout. The design is the armorial flag of the Dukes of Frankapan, who ruled Senj between 1271 and 1469.


Senj, Dulcert, 1339

[Senj, Dulcert, 1339]
Sources: Portolan map by Angelino Dulcert, 1339, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
HistoCat Web site: http://www.histocat.cat/index.html?msgOrigen=7&msgValor=10&Familia=FA008&Subfamilia=SF061&Frame=Main
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS
Map(s) of Angelino Dulcert at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Map_of_Angelino_Dulcert
Map of Angelino Dulcert, Gallica digital library, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b52503220z/

Rectangular flag divided vertically in red and yellow with a yellow eight-pointed star in the first field.


Senj, Cresques, 1375

[Senj, Cresques, 1375]
Sources: Portolan map in the "Catalan Atlas" by Abraham Cresques, ca. 1375, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
HistoCat Web site: http://www.histocat.cat/index.html?msgOrigen=7&msgValor=10&Familia=FA008&Subfamilia=SF061&Frame=Main
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS
Catalan Atlas at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Catalan_Atlas Catalan Atlas, Gallica digital library, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b55002481n/

Rectangular flag with a concave trapezoidal tail and with fringe along the fly edges, divided vertically closer to hoist into red and golden, with a golden disk in the first.


Senj, Soler, ca. 1385

[Senj, Soler, ca. 1385]
Sources: Portolan map by Guillem Soler (Guillelmus Soleri), ca. 1385, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Map of Guillem Soler at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Maps_by_Guillem_Soler
Map of Guillem Soler, Gallica digital library, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b530648817?rk=21459;2

Rectangular flag divided vertically closer to hoist in red and golden with a white eight-pointed star in the first field.


Senj, Anonym, end of the 14th c. (Naples)

[Senj, Anonym, end of the 14th c. (Naples)]
Sources: Portolan map by Anonymous (Cresques workshop), end of the 14th century, National Library, Naples.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Cresques family at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Maps_of_Cresques_family

Rectangular flag with a trapezoidal tail, divided vertically into red and golden, with a golden disk in the first.


Senj, Anonym, end of the 14th c. (Paris)

[Senj, Anonym, end of the 14th c. (Paris)]
Sources: Portolan map by Anonymous (Cresques workshop), end of the 14th century, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Cresques family at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Maps_of_Cresques_family

Rectangular flag with a concave trapezoidal tail and with fringe along the fly edges, divided vertically into red and golden, with a white disk in the first. The illustrator may have simply forgot to colour in the disk, but we may not be sure of that.


Senj, De Viladestes, 1413

[Senj, De Viladestes, 1413]
Sources: Portolan map by Mecia (Macia) de Viladestes, 1413, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Mecia de Viladestes at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Mecia_de_Viladestes

Rectangular flag with a concave trapezoidal tail and with fringe along the fly edges, divided vertically closer to hoist into white and golden, with a golden disk in the first. It appears that the cartographer forgot to add red paint, as in some other flags in the map, as well.


Senj, De Viladestes, 1423

[Senj, De Viladestes, 1423]
Sources: Portolan map by Mecia (Macia) de Viladestes, 1423, Biblioteca Laurenziana, Firenze.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Mecia de Viladestes at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Mecia_de_Viladestes

As the above, but the usual red-golden flag.


Senj, Rosell, 1425

[Senj, Rosell, 1425]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), 1425, Yale University Library.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Yale University Library Web site: http://brbl-dl.library.yale.edu/vufind/Search/Results?lookfor=Portolan%20Charts&type=tag

Rectangular flag with concave fly and semicircular indentations at the fly corners, divided vertically closer to hoist into red and golden, with a white thin elongated eight-pointed star, almost reaching the edges of the red field.


Senj, Beccario, 1426

[Senj, Beccario, 1426]
Sources: Portolan map by Battista Beccario, 1426, Bavarian State Library, Munich.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
HistoCat Web site: http://www.histocat.cat/index.html?msgOrigen=7&msgValor=10&Familia=FA008&Subfamilia=SF061&Frame=Main
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS
Map of Battista Beccario at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Battista_Beccario
Map of Battista Beccario, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00002312/images/

Short rectangular flag (higher then wide) divided vertically into yellow and red with a white six-pointed star in the last.


Senj, Vallseca, 1439

[Senj, Vallseca, 1439]
Sources: Portolan map by Gabriel Vallseca, 1439, Marítime Museum, Barcelona.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS
Maps of Gabriel Vallseca at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Gabriel_de_Vallseca

Rectangular flag with three concave indentations (engrailed) along the fly edge, divided vertically into red and golden, with a white thin cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Anonym (Vallseca), ca. 1440

[Senj, Anonym (Vallseca), ca. 1440]
Sources: Portolan map by anonymous (Vallseca wokrshop?), ca. 1440, Central National Library, Florence.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Gabriel Vallseca at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Gabriel_de_Vallseca

Rectangular flag divided vertically into red and golden, with a white thin cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Vallseca, 1447

[Senj, Vallseca, 1447]
Sources: Portolan map by Gabriel de Vallseca, 1447, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.
Maps of Gabriel Vallseca at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Gabriel_de_Vallseca
Map of Gabriel Vallseca, Gallica digital library, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53064893j?rk=21459;2

Rectangular flag with a concave trapezoidal tail, divided vertically red and golden, with a white thin cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Rosell, 1447

[Senj, Rosell, 1447]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), 1447, Biblioteca Guarnacciana, Volterra.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.

Virtually identical flag as shown by Vallseca in 1439: Rectangular flag with three concave indentations (engrailed) along the fly edge, divided vertically into red and golden, with a white thin cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Anonym, mid 15th c.

[Senj, Anonym, mid 15th c.]
Sources: Portolan map by Anonym, mid-15th c., Henry E. Huntington Library, University of California.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Donald Wigal: Historic Maritime Maps (Used for Historic Exploration) 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, 2000.

Rectangular flag with engrailed fly with tassels, divided vertically into white and golden, with a black outlined white disk in the first. It is rather obvious that the illustrator simply forgot to colour in the red flag field, and possibly even the golden disk in it.


Senj, Rosell, mid 15th c. (Yale)

[Senj, Rosell, mid 15th c. (Yale)]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), mid-15th c., Yale University Library.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Yale University Library Web site: http://brbl-dl.library.yale.edu/vufind/Search/Results?lookfor=Portolan%20Charts&type=tag
Maps of Petrus Roselli at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Petrus_Roselli

Virtually identical flag as shown by Rosell in 1425: Rectangular flag with concave fly and semicircular indentations at the fly corners, divided vertically closer to hoist into red and golden, with a white thin elongated eight-pointed star, almost reaching the edges of the red field.


Senj, Rosell, mid 15th c. (Paris)

[Senj, Rosell, mid 15th c. (Paris)]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), mid-15th c., Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Maps of Petrus Roselli at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Petrus_Roselli
Map of Petrus Roselli, Gallica digital library, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b5906261w?rk=64378;0

Rectangular flag with three concave indentations (engrailed) along the fly edge with fringes, divided vertically closer to fly into red and golden, with a white cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Rosell, 1456

[Senj, Rosell, 1456]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), 1456, Newberry Library, Chicago.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Petrus Roselli at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Petrus_Roselli

Rectangular flag with swallow-tailed fly with fringes, divided vertically closer to fly into red and golden, with a white cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Rosell, 1462

[Senj, Rosell, 1462]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), 1462, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Maps of Petrus Roselli at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Petrus_Roselli
Map of Petrus Roselli, Gallica digital library, http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53064888c?rk=85837;2

Rectangular flag with triangular fly with fringes, divided vertically closer to fly into red and golden, with a white cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Rosell, 1466

[Senj, Rosell, 1466]
Sources: Portolan map by Pere Rosell (Petrus Roselli), 1466, James Ford Bell Library, University on Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Web site of James Ford Bell Library, University on Minnesota, Minneapolis, https://www.lib.umn.edu/apps/bell/map/PORTO/ROS/index66.html
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.com/2008/02/siglos-xiv-y-xv.html
Maps of Petrus Roselli at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Petrus_Roselli

Rectangular flag with trapezoidal fly with fringes, divided vertically closer to fly into red and golden, with a white cross and salitre superimposed in the first.


Senj, Benincasa, 1473

[Senj, Benincasa, 1473]
Sources: Portolan map by Grazioso Benincasa, 1473, Bologna University Library.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
HistoCat Web site: http://www.histocat.cat/index.html?msgOrigen=7&msgValor=10&Familia=FA008&Subfamilia=SF061&Frame=Main
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS

Rectangular flag with triangular fly, divided vertically closer to fly into red and golden, with a silver cross and salitre superimposed in the first and a red sik in the last.


Senj, Russo, 1508

[Senj, Russo, 1508]
Sources: Portolan map by Pietro Russo, 1508, Marítime Museum, Barcelona.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
HistoCat Web site: http://www.histocat.cat/index.html?msgOrigen=7&msgValor=10&Familia=FA008&Subfamilia=SF061&Frame=Main
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html

Gonfanon shaped flag with eight tails, divided vertically closer to hoist into red and white, with a golden salitre in the first.


Senj, Pilestrina, 1511

[Senj, Pilestrina, 1511]
Sources: Portolan map by Salvat de Pilestrina, 1511, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
HistoCat Web site: http://www.histocat.cat/index.html?msgOrigen=7&msgValor=10&Familia=FA008&Subfamilia=SF061&Frame=Main
HistoCat Web site (no longer online): http://www.histocat.cat/php/index.php?paraules=***&projecte=*M*&document=*ART*DG*&pagedata=100&pageform=LIS
Map of Salvat de Pilestrina at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Salvat_de_Pilestrina

Rectangular red flag with a golden cross and salitre superimposed.


Senj, Pilestrina, 1533

[Senj, Pilestrina, 1533]
Sources: Portolan map by Salvat de Pilestrina, 1533, Biblioteca Pública, Toledo.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html

Rectangular red flag with a godlen eight-pointed star throughout forming a cross and a salitre superimposed the bar tapering towards the edges.


Senj, Russo, 1535 and 1550

[Senj, Russo, 1535 and 1550]
Sources: Portolan map by Giacomo Russo (Jacobus Russus), 1535, Fundació March Severa, Palma de Mallorca.
Portolan map by Giacomo Russo (Jacobus Russus), 1550, British Library, London.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html

Rectangular flag divided vertically into red and white, with a golden salitre in the first.


Senj, Anonym, ca. 1550 - 1560

[Senj, Anonym, ca. 1550 - 1560]
Sources: Portolan map by Anonym, ca. 1550 - 1560, Museo Correr, Venice.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Cercle Catala d’Historia Web site – Anonymous map of Adriatic Sea, c.1550/1560: http://www.cch.cat/php/ls.php?fx=1vmmp02300

Rectangular blue flag with a displayed golden double-headed eagle.


Senj, Olives, 1559

[Senj, Olives, 1559]
Sources: Portolan map by Bartomeu Olives, 1559, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html
Digital Bodleian Web site – Map of Bartomeu Olives from 1559: http://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/inquire/p/d79c68a3-d33b-4952-962d-4ebfa1029790

Rectangular yellow flag with a red cross and salitre superimposed.


Senj, Oliva, 1563

[Senj, Oliva, 1563]
Sources: Portolan map by Jaume Oliva, 1563, Yale University Library.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html
Digital Bodleian Web site – Map of Bartomeu Olives from 1559: http://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/inquire/p/d79c68a3-d33b-4952-962d-4ebfa1029790

Rectangular red flag with a silver disk.


Senj, Martines, 1567

[Senj, Martines, 1567]
Sources: Portolan map by Joan Martines, 1567, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html Digital Bodleian Web site, digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk

Square yellow flag with a red six-pointed star, is point horizontal.


Senj, Martines, 1578

[Senj, Martines, 1578]
Sources: Portolan map by Joan Martines, 1578, Henry E. Huntington Library, University of California.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Cercle Catala d’Historia Web site - Map of Joan Martines from 1578: http://www.cch.cat/php/ls.php?fx=1vmmp02100

Square yellow flag with a red six-pointed star.


Senj, Teixeira, ca. 1600

[Senj, Teixeira, ca. 1600]
Sources: Portolan map by Luís Teixeira, ca. 1600, Henry E. Huntington Library, University of California.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Map of Luís Teixeira at Digital Scriptorium Database: http://dpg.lib.berkeley.edu/webdb/dsheh/heh_brf?Description=&CallNumber=HM+1549
Map of Luís Teixeira at Wikimmedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Maps_by_Lu%C3%ADs_Teixeira

Square red flag with a yellow six-pointed pierced star.


Senj, Condina, 1615

Sources: Portolan map by Sebastiano Condina, 1615, Biblioteca Marciana, Venecia.
Tomislav Todorović: Zastave jadranskog priobalja na portolanskim kartama (1) - Zastava Senja i njene varijacije | Flags of Adriatic Coast on Portolan Charts (1) - Flag of Senj and Its Variations, Grb i zastava, 21 (2017) : 13 - 17.
Portulanos blog: http://butronmaker.blogspot.rs/2008/09/siglos-xvi-y-xvii.html

Last known appearance of a flag of Senj on portolan maps, almost square rectangular flag, details undiscerable from the available sources.



Šibenik, 14th century

[Šibenik, 14th century] [Šibenik, 14th century]
Sources: Wigal, Donald: "Historic maritime maps used for historic exploration 1290-1699"; Parkstone Press, New York, USA, 2000; ISBN 1-85995-750-1
Gordana Tomović: "Monumenta Cartographica Jugoslaviae II", Historijski institut u Beogradu, Narodna knjiga, Belgrade 1979.

Information kindly provided by: Tomislav Todorović, Zrenjanin

The map by Angelino Dulcert of 1339 (preserved in the National Library in Paris) showes the flags on the on the main ports in Mediteranean Sea. The map pictures a flag in characteristic shape - rectangular with a concave tail and fringe with a yellow fields containing a large white disk with a red cross throughout of it. The same flag appears on several other maps of the period and it is probably based on description and depiction from the book "Libro del conoscimiento de todos los Reynos" by a Franciscan friar born in Spain in 1305, which is considered among the oldest books systematically showing flags fo the world. Tomović depicts the flag in standard rectangular shape.



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