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Page created: 9th October 2003
Last updated: 16th October 2003
[The FAME - Flag and Arms of the Modern Era]

The FAME is site devoted to systematic and scientific study of flags and coats of arms. Such symbols often bear strong political and other messages. Inclusion of those symbols here does not mean that the author support or approve the ideas they may stand for.

Yugoslavia, 1945 - 1956

Federative People's Republic of Yugoslavia, 1945 - 1963, Federativna Narodna Republika Jugoslavija


After the World War II the new state with the new govenment system was proclaimed, the Federative People's Republic of Yugoslavia. The first set of symbols was adopted, the naval flags closely based on the Soviet model. These were replaced in mid-50's.


See also:

National Flag

[National Flag] [Normal] 1:2 [National Flag] [National coat of arms]
In use: since 1941
Adopted: 31st January 1946
Abandoned: 27th April 1992
Source: Ustav FNRJ, 31. I. 1946.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

The Yugoslav tricolour of blue-white-red was continued to be used by Tito's partisanse that organized armed strougle against axis and quisling forces, but since the begining they set the red fivepointed star in the middle of the flag designating the leading role of the communist party. First the star was being set in different manners, but eventually yellow fimbriation was instroduced and the star points entered the blue and red stripe. This design was finally officially adopted after the end of the war in with the fist Constitution of 1946 and was not changed until the break-up of Yugoslavia in 1991. The rump state consisting of Serbia and Montenegro continued to use the flag with the star until 1992.
The coat of arms for the new state was devised by the Belgrade artist Đorđe Andrejević-Kun around 1943, with the date of the Jajce conference added after it. It was officially adopted only in 1946 Constitution in slightly different artistic representation. The five torches represent the five Yugoslav nations (Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins and Macedonians; the [Bosnian] Muslims were recognized as the nation only in 1974 while the number of torches was increased to represent number of Republics in 1963.) and they burn by the joint flame of the Federation. The date stand for the date of the decision to form the new federative state in the Jajce AVNOJ conference. The silver circular shield was as a rule omitted.

All public buildings (that included houses with blocks of flats) were to hoist in general three flags: this State flag (in the middle), flag of the particular republic (to the viewers left), and flag of Communist party (to the viewers right). If appropriate, the flag of any nationality could be added, for example in the areas where there was significant percentage of the ethnic minority.



Construction Sheet

of the flag of the Federative People's Republic of Yugoslavia

[Construction Sheet] [Construction sheet] 1:2 [National Flag and Ensign]
Adopted: 31st January 1946
Abandoned: 27th April 1992
Source: Ustav FNRJ, 31. I. 1946.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

The flag consistis of three horisontal stripes of equal width, blue over white over red. The red five-poited star is inscribed in an imaginary circle with the center in the middle of the flag and diameter equal to two thirds of the flag hoist. The red star is fimbriated with a golden-yellow border (of unspecified width). The flag ratio is 1:2.



Merchant Ensign

[Merchant Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [Civil and State Ensign]
Adopted: 21st March 1950
Abandoned: 27th April 1992
Source: Zakon o ustanovljenju zastave trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe FNRJ, 21. III. 1950, SL 11/50
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Pravilnik o isticanju i vijanju zastave trgovačke mornarice SFRJ SL 2/81 (nepoznat tekst, ukida ga u RH Zakon o stavljanju izvan snage Zakona, NN 53/91 i Pravilnik o isticanju i vijanju... NN 16?/92)

The merchant ensign to match the new national flag was established officialy in 1950, equal to the national flag, but in ratio 2:3. This established practice that is still followed by the countries formed on the territory of former Yugoslavia to have the merchant ensign equal to the national flag only differing in the ratio.



Naval Ensign

Zastava ratnih i pomoćnih brodova Jugoslavenske ratne mornarice

[Naval Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [War Ensign]
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1992
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Neueste Flaggen Jugoslawiens, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-4, 1950, p. 51

In 1949 the naval flags were adopted. The naval ensign is the only flag of this set that have survived changes all the time up til 1990's. It is a red ensign with the national tricolour in the canton fimbriated with a white line. In the middle of the tricolour is set a yellow-bordered red five-pointed star within a yellow-golden wreath.



Honour Naval Ensign

Počasna vojno-pomorska zastava

[Honour Naval Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [War Ensign]
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 5th June 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Neueste Flaggen Jugoslawiens, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-4, 1950, p. 51

The special ensign was intended to be granted to naval ship as kind of a recognition of their valour. Instead of the red star in the canton was placed the coat of arms of Yugoslavia. The artistic style of the coat of arms seems to have been such as used in the end of the World War II. The new artistic style of the coat of arms was performed at about the same time.



War Pennant

Plamenac komandanta broda

[War Pennant] [Normal] 1:20~
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Neueste Flaggen Jugoslawiens, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-4, 1950, p. 51

The commission pennant is a red triangular pennant with a tricolour tassel at the fly and at the hoist the tricolour with the star within a wreath as in the naval ensign.



People's Defence Ensign

Zastava brodova narodne obrane FNRJ

[People's Defence Ensign] [Normal] 2:3 [State Ensign]
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1992 ?
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

The ships and boats belogning to the sector of the people's defence used a red ensign with a triangular hoist with the Yugoslav tricolour and a five-pointed red star in its white stripe. In practice this ensigns was used mostly by the ships of the border guards, and was soon to be ranamed appropriately.



President of the Republic, 1949 - 1956

Zastava vrhovnog komandanta

[President of the Republic, 1949 - 1956] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Neueste Flaggen Jugoslawiens, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-4, 1950, p. 51
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The flag for the President of the Republic in his function as the supreme commander was adopted as the naval ensign with the red-yellow triangular ("wolf-teeth") border added to it and with yellow corner-pieces containing a red five-pointed stars. It was replaced in 1956 with the more traditional design.



Commander and Political Comessary of the Navy

Komandant i politički komesar Ratne mornarice

[Commander and Political Comessary of the Navy] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The flag of the commander of the Navy and his political comessary is a white flag with the naval ensign in the canton and three red five-pointed stars in the fly.



Commander and Political Comessary of Fleet

Komandant i politički komesar flote

[Commander and Political Comessary of Fleet] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The flag of the commander of a fleet and his political comessary is a white flag with the naval ensign in the canton and two red five-pointed stars in the fly.



Commander and Political Comessary of Brigade

Komandant i politički komesar brigade

[Commander and Political Comessary of Brigade] [Normal] 2:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The flag of the commander of a brigade and his political comessary is a white flag with the naval ensign in the canton and a red five-pointed stars in the fly.



Commander and Political Comessary of Squadron

Komandant i politički komesar divizijuna

[Commander and Political Comessary of Squadron] [Normal] 1:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The pennant of the commander of a squadron and his political comessary is as the naval ensign to which is added at fly a red triangular swallow-tailed pennant.



Commander and Political Comessary of Group

Komandant i politički komesar odreda

[Commander and Political Comessary of Group] [Normal] 1:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The pennant of the commander of a group and his political comessary is as the naval ensign to which is added at fly a blue triangular swallow-tailed pennant.



Senior Officer Afloat

Najstariji zapovjednik na sidrištu

[Senior Officer Afloat] [Normal] 1:3
Adopted: 6th June 1949
Abandoned: 1956
Source: Zakon o vojno-pomorskim zastavama FNRJ, 6. VI. 1949, SL 50/49, 11. VI. 1949.
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.
Jugoslawische Kommandozeichen, Symbol und Wirtschaft: Zentralorgan aller an der Symbolik Schaffenden, nr. 1-5, 1950, pp. 70 & 80.

The pennant of the senior officer afloat is as the naval ensign to which is added at fly a white triangular swallow-tailed pennant.



Administrative signal

Znak brodova pomorske uprave

[Administrative signal] [Reconstruction] 1:1
Adopted: 1950
Abandoned: 1992 ?
Source: Pravilnik o isticanju i vijanju zastave trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe FNRJ i znakova na brodovima trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe, SL 45/50 i 20/51
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

The signal used by the ships and boats in service of the maritime administration had to use a blue squre signal with two white crossed anchors.



Privileged navigation signal

Znak brodova povlaštene plovidbe

[Privileged navigation signal] [Reconstruction] 1:1
Adopted: 1950
Abandoned: 1992 ?
Source: Pravilnik o isticanju i vijanju zastave trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe FNRJ i znakova na brodovima trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe, SL 45/50 i 20/51
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

The signal used by the ships and boats in service regular service on lines crossing borders that were granted special rights simplifing the customs inspection procedures were to display the signal of the privileged navigation - green square with a white diagonal.



Postal signal

Znak brodova koji prevoze poštu

Adopted: 1950
Abandoned: 1992 ?
Source: Pravilnik o isticanju i vijanju zastave trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe FNRJ i znakova na brodovima trgovačke mornarice i brodarstva unutrašnje plovidbe, SL 45/50 i 20/51
Pomorska enciklopedija VII: Zastava, Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1964.

The ships and boats carrying mail were to display the postal signal. The design is unknow but the fact that it included the postal horn.



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